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essentially the most normal region Filipino employees wore their suits was to the taxi dance halls, something of a precursor to seedy nightclubs that originated from San Francisco’s Barbary Coast dance halls in the early 20th century.
In these dance halls, men who were outcast in mainstream society — Filipino men, European immigrants, felons and men with disabilities among them — would go and dance with white ladies for a “dime-a-dance” worth of business.
The sociologist Paul G. Cressey, in his 1932 analysis of taxi dance halls and the guys who frequented them titled “The Taxi-Dance corridor,” wrote of younger Filipino bachelors: “Dapperly dressed little Filipinos … come together, sometimes even in squads of six or eight, and slip quietly into the doorway.”
The group of young Filipinos, Cressey lamented, had ulterior factors. (A chapter in his booklet is dedicated to the issue of “The Filipinos.”)
“Orientals, and especially Filipino young guys,” he wrote, “prove to be such lucrative sources of revenue that many younger women, below the spur of opportunism, lay apart something racial prejudices they may additionally have and provides themselves to an intensive and systematic exploitation of them.”
He explained this theory extra in an interview with the Chronicle, in which he cited that young Filipinos had been essentially the most populous demographic foxtrotting and swinging with the white girls at California taxi dance halls.
“To … lots of the taxi dancers, a Filipino is a ‘fish’ to be exploited, a sufferer tons less demanding to extract money from than white men,” he instructed the paper. “The Filipino, in spite of this, thinks the American woman alluring and interesting, however not at all modest and ladylike according to Filipino requisites.”
In these phrases, the relationship became transactional, if affected by racist notions of Filipino tradition and want. The white woman bought paid, the Filipino man became in a position to entry companionship, if temporary, by doing “dime jigs” with girls in these so-called “dens of iniquity.”
(In 1931, lower than a tenth of the Filipino population in america have been women — which extra motivated the desire to splurge lavishly and gallivant with girls from other ethnic businesses.)
legal guidelines prohibited the coupling of non-white men and white ladies, but these legal guidelines have been readily brushed aside as taxi-dance halls grew to be breeding grounds for what many white americans deemed to be immoral habits and miscegenation.
Some accounts recalled the taxi dances being a tad more lurid than an excellent ol’ swing, with grinding and neck-biting between the taxi girls and their dance partners.
A 1929 article in the Stockton checklist went as far as to declare that “the insistence of Filipinos that they be handled as equals by means of white ladies has been the executive explanation for friction between the races.”
The concept ran rampant, but Filipino men had been cavorting with white women anyway past their dancing — peculiarly at these dance halls.
Some naive dancers, Cressey wrote, even grew fond of their Filipino suitors, pointing to “his suave manners, dapper dressing, and politeness” as elements for their illicit courtship.
Anti-Filipino racism endured differently than other styles of Asian xenophobia. Cressey, the sociologist, noted that Filipinos assimilated to American culture too neatly.
somewhat, he referred to that “the younger Filipino during this nation is, from the element of view of some people, too readily Americanized,” right down to their style. It became a stark distinction from the “different Oriental corporations,”
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he wrote, that did not accommodate to American way of life straight away enough. (here, he casually overlooks the effect that American imperialism, even culturally, had on the Philippines.)
As indications of an economic downturn all started to emerge, the matches grew to become simply a different component for white guys to resent.